Physicians prevent, diagnose, and treat various diseases in order to improve their patients’ overall health. They are essentially divided into two groups of health practitioners: General Practice Physicians and Specialist Physicians. As their title implicitly states, General Practice Physicians are not specialists in just one area of expertise, which means they are able to diagnose and treat general illnesses, but will need to refer patients to Specialist Physicians whenever the disease/disorder needs further medical attention.
Specialist Physicians can specialize in clinical medicine, where they diagnose and treat specific illnesses and health issues related to their field of expertise (e.g. cardiology, pneumology, radiology, or oncology), sometimes acting as consultants to other Physicians. They could also pursue a career in surgery, in which case they’ll be performing and supervising surgical procedures, or might want to work in a more research-oriented branch, studying and experimenting on human diseases.
Keyhole surgery is a type of surgery in which the surgeon uses only small cuts to get through the skin. It requires special training. People who have keyhole surgery usually recover quite quickly. Laproscopy is keyhole surgery used to examine or operate on the interior of the abdominal or pelvic cavities. It is performed under general anaesthesia, usually by a surgeon or gynecologist (women’s health specialist). During laproscopy a small cut is made in the abdomen. A thin tube containing a light and camera, known as a laproscope, is then inserted to look inside the abdomen and pelvis. Gas is used to inflate the belly so the surgeon can see the organs properly. One or more other small cuts may be made for other small instruments if needed.
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynecologist offers comprehensive health care to females. There is a wide range of problems that female face like the noncancerous gynecologic condition, heavy menstrual periods, irregular menstrual periods, pelvic pain, ovarian cysts, and endometriosis. The physician who specializes in men’s sexual and reproductive healthcare is known as a urologist. The Gynecologist are highly trained with specialization for different surgical procedures, with the minimally invasive techniques that have lesser pain and shorter recovery time. The surgery depends on the type of problem the patient is facing, and each gynecology surgery is different for a different person.
Gynecology and Obstetrics are twin subjects that deal with the female reproductive system. While obstetrics deals with pregnancy and its associated procedures and complications, gynecology involves treating women who are not pregnant. The field of obstetrics thus deals with the wellbeing of the pregnant mother as well as the delivery and healthy outcome. Obstetricians closely work with the pediatricians and neonatologists to deal with care of the newborn baby to reduce the chances of mortality and disease of the newborn.